'''Nellie Bly''' (May 5, 1864
[Kroeger 1994 reports (p. 529) that although a birth year of 1867 was deduced from the age Bly claimed to be at the height of her popularity, her baptismal record confirms 1864.]
– January 27, 1922) was the pen name
of American journalist
'''Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman'''.
She was also a writer
, and a charity worker
who was widely known for her record-breaking circumnavigation|trip around the world
in 72 days, in emulation of Jules Verne
's fictional character Phileas Fogg
, and an Exposé (journalism)|exposé
in which she faked insanity
to study a mental institution from within.
She was a pioneer in her field, and launched a new kind of investigative journalism.